The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act

The purpose of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act is to ensure that each homeless child or youth has equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including a public preschool education, as provided to other children and youths.

McKinney-Vento Definition of Homeless 42 U.S.C. § 11434a(2)

The term “homeless children and youth”— A. means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence…; and B. includes — i. children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals; ii. children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings…; iii. children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and iv. migratory children…who qualify as homeless for the purposes of this subtitle because the children are living in circumstances described in clauses (i) through (iii)

McKinney-Vento Definición de Sin Hogar: 42 U.S.C. § 11434a (2)

El término “niños y jóvenes sin hogar” - A. significa personas que carecen de una residencia nocturna fija, regular y adecuada…; y B. incluye - i. niños y jóvenes que comparten la vivienda con otras personas debido a la pérdida de vivienda, dificultades económicas o una razón similar; viven en moteles, hoteles, parques de casas rodantes o campamentos debido a la falta de alojamientos alternativos adecuados; viven en refugios de emergencia o transitorios; o son abandonados en hospitales; ii. niños y jóvenes que tienen una residencia nocturna principal que es un lugar público o privado que no está diseñado o utilizado normalmente como un lugar para dormir habitual para seres humanos…; iii. niños y jóvenes que viven en automóviles, parques, espacios públicos, edificios abandonados, viviendas deficientes, estaciones de autobuses o trenes o entornos similares; y iv. niños migratorios ... que califican como personas sin hogar para los propósitos de este subtítulo porque los niños viven en circunstancias descritas en las cláusulas (i) a (iii)